Wales (Welsh: Cymru) is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. Traditionally a principality (Twysogaeth Cymru), Wales is located in the southwest of the island of Great Britain bordering England (Lloegr) to the east, the Bristol Channel (Môr Hafren) to the south, the Irish Sea (Môr Iwerddon) to the west and north, and the estuary of the River Dee (Afon Dyfrdwy) in the upper northeast.
Cosmopolitan Cardiff (Caerdydd), located in the southeast of the country and Wales' largest city, is the seat of Welsh government and the largest media centre in Britain outside of London. Established as the capital of Wales in 1955, Cardiff is among Europe's 'youngest' capitals. Two-thirds of the Welsh population lives in the southeast (around 1,695,500), with another concentration in the northeast. The remaining regions remain predominantly rural. More than 50% of Wales' GDP is generated in Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan.
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(Preserved counties of Wales) The Country is divide up into different administrative regions for government agencies)